As XTB’s brand ambassador, José Mourinho has shared his thoughts on how he prepares for big decisions, and his approach to difficult choices. In this article, you can learn how to research into trading, including a quick overview of forex and CFD trading, technical and fundamental analysis, how to create a proper trading plan, and how to cope with unexpected events when trading, covering the basis of trend trading, risk management and market analysis. The article concludes with José Mourinho’s tips on how to prepare for success like a pro.
In this lesson you will learn:
When first starting to trade, it’s crucial to familiarise yourself with the basic principles of fundamental and technical analysis. The next step should be to determine which instruments you’re most interested in trading. Below, you can learn more about CFD and Forex trading; both are extremely popular among XTB traders.
If you decide you want to trade CFDs, it’s important to first understand how CFDs work, what their pros and cons are, and whether or not they are the right choice for you. The term CFD stands for contracts for difference.
As the name suggests, a contract for difference creates a contract between two parties (typically described as ‘buyer’ and ‘seller’) on the movement of an asset price.
The three key features of CFD trading to keep in mind are:
Another popular branch of trading is forex trading. Forex – also known as FX or foreign exchange – is the exchange of one currency for another at an agreed price. It’s a decentralised market where the world’s currencies are traded as an over-the-counter (OTC) market, which means that trades are fast, cheap, and are completed without the supervision of an exchange.
You may not even know, but you’ve probably been a part of the FX market at least once in your lifetime. For example, when you’re planning a holiday to the United States, you need to change your spending money from pounds sterling (GBP) into US dollars (USD).
Because currency exchange rates fluctuate all the time, forex traders seek to profit on these fluctuations by speculating whether prices will rise or fall. Here’s what you need to know about forex trading in a nutshell.
Forex pairs are quoted in terms of one currency versus another, and each currency pair has a ‘base’ and a ‘counter’. Moreover, each currency could strengthen (appreciate) or weaken (depreciate), which means that there are essentially four variables you are speculating on when it comes to forex trading.
If you believe the value of a currency will rise against another, you go long or ‘buy’ that currency. If you believe the value of a currency will fall against another, you go short or ‘sell’ that currency.
Having a plan is essential for achieving your trading goals. You should create your own custom plan and include what you think would benefit you the most, but it’s generally a good idea for a trading plan to have the following components:
While a trading plan should always be written down, it’s also important to be able to know when to re-evaluate it and adjust it according to changing market conditions. And, most importantly, a good trading plan should always consider the trader's personal style and goals.
Or, as José Mourinho puts it:
‘Both instinct and data have an important role. I think if all decisions are based solely on data, then many factors will be missed; data doesn’t give the full picture. When you sign a player, it isn’t just their data but their mentality, their support system, their work ethic, that are so important. You see that when players make a step to a big club, they need to have the mentality to take on the pressure and the expectation, and deliver!’
No matter how solid your trading plan might seem, there are always some surprises along the way. But, with a good understanding of how the market works and proper planning, even the unexpected can be turned to your advantage.
One of the most basic rules of trading is to trade in the direction of the prevailing trend. Trend trading entails identifying whether the market is in a downtrend or an uptrend, and then riding the waves of the trend. In order to be able to determine this, it’s good to have as much information as possible. The XTB trading platform features detailed market analysis, which provides traders with a real advantage in terms of looking for and identifying potential trading opportunities.
However, it’s also important to mention that markets do not always trade in clear trends 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. There are stabilisation periods in every market, which are also known as sideways trends. The key, again, is in recognising when this happens, keeping a cool head, and rationally deciding whether to start range trading or wait for a breakout.
In order to be able to successfully cope with the unexpected, it’s crucial to have a good risk management strategy in place. The basics of risk management include having a detailed trading plan, being able to control your emotions, and having a solid money management plan.
Below you can find José Mourinho’s exclusive interview with XTB. Here, José reveals his personal strategies for preparing for success.
When making big decisions, I make sure I have all the information I need to hand. This is the top ‘tactic’ because it is impossible to make any decisions without knowing all the details and taking time to understand them.
[The biggest career decision I’ve made has been] to be a football manager. I made the decision that I wanted this career and to dedicate my life to being the best I can be in this area.
They [instinct and data] both have an important role. I think if all decisions are based solely on data, then many factors will be missed; data doesn’t give the full picture. When you sign a player, it isn’t just their data but their mentality, their support system, their work ethic, that are so important. You see that when players make a step to a big club, they need to have the mentality to take on the pressure and the expectation, and deliver!
If you want to continue learning, make sure to visit our Trading Academy, where you can find beginner, intermediate, and premium courses that can help you improve your trading skills.
To find out more about José Mourinho’s winning tactics, visit José Mourinho’s How to Control Your Emotions Course and José Mourinho’s How to Cope with Pressure Course.
This content has been created by XTB S.A. This service is provided by XTB S.A., with its registered office in Warsaw, at Prosta 67, 00-838 Warsaw, Poland, entered in the register of entrepreneurs of the National Court Register (Krajowy Rejestr Sądowy) conducted by District Court for the Capital City of Warsaw, XII Commercial Division of the National Court Register under KRS number 0000217580, REGON number 015803782 and Tax Identification Number (NIP) 527-24-43-955, with the fully paid up share capital in the amount of PLN 5.869.181,75. XTB S.A. conducts brokerage activities on the basis of the license granted by Polish Securities and Exchange Commission on 8th November 2005 No. DDM-M-4021-57-1/2005 and is supervised by Polish Supervision Authority.