In a nutshell, a rollover is a purely technical operation that ensures the Contracts For Differences (CFDs) that you can trade on XTB's platforms always reflect market conditions in the best way possible.
A futures contract’s expiration date is the last day you can trade that contract. Prior to expiration, a futures trader has three options:
A rollover occurs when a trader moves their position from the front month contract to another contract further in the future. Traders will determine when they need to move to the new contract by watching the volume of both the expiring contract and next month contract. A trader who is going to roll their positions may choose to switch to the next month's contract when volume has reached a certain level in that contract.
XTB offers all CFD contracts with a 365 day expiry. The majority of indices and commodities CFD are based on prices of futures contracts. For each market there is usually a long list of future contracts with different expiry dates ranging from one month to many years into the future. The highest volume is usually on the nearest contract. To trade the most active contract, a trader on the futures market needs to close one (expiring) contract and open another (the next one), paying transaction fees. CFD rollover does this for you, and there are no associated transaction fees!
Yes, all rollovers are completely cost-free for all XTB clients.
No. A rollover is a purely technical operation that is always profit-neutral. A change in price will impact the “profit” position, but at the same time exactly the opposite amount will be added to the “swap” position. Let’s say, for example, that a trader holds a long position on the May Crude Oil contract that trades at $25 and as this contract nears the expiration date, they want to move to the June contract that trades at $27. To do this, they would need to close the May contract and open the June contract. CFD does the move automatically with a rollover. So in this case, if you had a long OIL.WTI position at $25 price with $0 profit, a rollover will change the price to $27 which will cause a profit position to show +$2. To make this operation neutral, -$2 shows in the swap position. The opposite happens for short positions.
Various factors, such as interest rates, dividends and cost of storage, cause differences between prices of futures contracts for a single instrument. Normally, these differences are moderate, but sometimes certain commodity markets may witness large differences.
We do our best to provide all the information about incoming rollovers for the CFDs in advance. You can find this information in the rollover table on our website.
Check the information on scheduled rollovers here
Because oil is a futures contract, it has an expiration date. If you hold a position over the monthly expiration date of the futures contract that price is based on, you will encounter a rollover. If you do not wish for your position to be rolled over, then you should close your position beforehand.
If you want to continue to hold your position over the expiration date, you need to close the old position as the contract expires and open a new one on the new futures contract.
An extraordinary rollover on WTI and Brent contracts took place. The active contract was changed from Jun20 to Jul20. The move is aimed at limiting risk of active contract price falling into negative territory (as it was the case for May20 contract). The price drop below $0 leads to a complete collapse in liquidity, which could result in an inability to roll over position to the next-month contract. A lot of futures traders experienced such a situation, what ultimately led to price dropping to as low as -$40 per barrel.
It should be noted that CFD contracts offered by XTB aim to replicate the price performance of a nearest contract that does not require investors to roll over manually. Once price drops into negative territory, rolling over would be much harder if not impossible. The rollover itself does not affect the financial result of a transaction as swap points are added or subtracted depending on the position size and shape of the futures curve.
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