IMF-FSB Synthesis Paper named "Policies for Crypto-Assets" was published today.
The report combines advice and rules from the FSB, IMF, and other global groups into one document. It stresses the need for detailed and well-planned control and monitoring of crypto-assets to handle large-scale economic and financial safety concerns.
The synthesis paper, which is scheduled for presentation to the G20 this weekend, is part of a broader initiative to establish global standards for the crypto industry, especially in light of the numerous crypto enterprise failures in 2022.
The report warns that total ban on all crypto activities, including trading and mining, could be costly, technically challenging, and potentially result in activities moving to other jurisdictions, thereby creating spillover risks.
Details from the document
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The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the Financial Stability Board (FSB) have synthesized their policy and regulatory recommendations to address the macroeconomic and financial stability risks associated with crypto-assets, including those linked to stablecoins and decentralized finance (DeFi). The crypto-asset market, which emerged over a decade ago, has seen significant volatility and complexity, with the total market value experiencing dramatic fluctuations. The market has grown in complexity with crypto-asset issuers and service providers undertaking a wide array of functions, increasing the interconnectedness of crypto-asset markets. Notably, stablecoins, which aim to maintain a stable value, have become central points of interconnectedness in different crypto-asset activities. However, they have shown vulnerability, as seen in the market turmoil in May 2022 where they deviated from their pegs, leading to wider strains in the crypto-asset markets. Despite the growth and complexity, direct connections between crypto-assets and systemically important financial institutions have remained limited.
To mitigate the risks posed by the crypto market, a comprehensive policy and regulatory response is necessary. The IMF emphasizes safeguarding monetary sovereignty, strengthening monetary policy frameworks, guarding against excessive capital flow volatility, and adopting clear tax treatment for crypto-assets. The FSB, alongside standard-setting bodies (SSBs), has developed a global framework of recommendations and standards to guide policy actions in addressing financial stability risks. This involves regulatory and supervisory oversight of crypto-asset issuers and service providers to support macroeconomic policies and reduce data gaps, particularly in monitoring cross-border transactions and capital flows. The synthesis paper does not establish new policies but aims to provide comprehensive guidance to authorities.
What does it mean?
It is important to note that these recommendations are merely proposed regulatory frameworks expected to be guidance to authorities from all G20 countries. This framework also entails further integrations and preparations for such a program over a span of 8-12 months. Assuming the framework is adopted, the policy introduction in certain countries could potentially take as long as the next 2-3 years. However, it is important to note that a few countries, such as the UK and the EU, have already implemented their crypto regulations. Only time will tell whether they will be willing to align with the FSB and IMF recommendations.